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国际麻醉品管制局主席关于国际反毒品和非法贩运日的声明
2017-06-24 15:59:57 来自:INCB 作者:杜新忠转 点击量:
  维也纳,6月26日(联合国信息服务)——值此禁止药物滥用和非法贩运国际日,国际麻醉品管制局(INCB)愿意承认并鼓励世界各地努力预防和缓解药物滥用造成的痛苦和打击毒品走私。
  
  毒品滥用给受影响的人们及其家人、朋友和社区带来了无数的苦难;毒品走私和非法毒品的种植和生产也对整个社会产生了严重的影响。
  
  在联合国大会关于2016年世界毒品问题的特别会议上,会员国重申三项国际药物管制公约作为确保为医疗和科学目的提供麻醉药品和精神药物、防止非法种植和生产、解决毒品贩运和滥用的国际合作的基石。
  
  人类的健康和福利是药物控制公约的核心,这要求各国政府采取一切可能的措施来预防药物滥用,并提供治疗、康复和社会融合。
  
  INCB一再强调,公约是建立在尊重人权和应对与毒品有关的犯罪行为原则的基础上的,这实际上是健全和有效的毒品政策的一个关键方面。
  
  在一些国家,许多“低级别毒品罪犯”被监禁,例如那些拥有个人用途的毒品:这种方法并没有被国际药品控制条约所规定。国家对非法行为的回应应该是适当的,任何惩罚都应与犯罪的严重性成比例。委员会继续鼓励保留死刑的州考虑废除与毒品有关的犯罪的死刑。
  
  对涉嫌与毒品有关的犯罪嫌疑人的法外审判不仅违反了条约,而且是对人权的严重侵犯,也是对人类尊严最基本标准的侮辱。该委员会强烈、明确、明确地谴责针对涉嫌非法毒品活动的人的法外行为。
  
  在我上个月当选为主席的时候,我为我的任期制定了一系列的优先事项,其中之一就是鼓励各州运用比例原则来应对与毒品有关的犯罪,特别是通过使用可替代的监禁手段,如治疗和康复。不幸的是,使用这些替代措施的惯例所提供的灵活性仍然没有得到充分利用。
  
  通常情况下,卷入轻微与毒品相关犯罪的妇女被监禁,往往在没有家庭、社会或机构关系的国家里服刑。在2016年的“妇女与毒品”的专题章节中,我们注意到,涉及毒品犯罪的妇女比例正在增加,我们注意到监禁对妇女及其家庭,尤其是儿童的影响。我们敦促各州考虑在小的情况下考虑监禁的替代方案。
  
  在国际反毒品和非法贩运国际日之际,我敦促所有国家,特别是那些因与毒品有关的罪行而被逮捕和监禁的国家,采取更适当的替代措施,如治疗、康复和社会再融合。
  
  2017年国际反毒品和非法贩运国际日的主题是“倾听儿童和青少年的声音,这是帮助他们健康和安全的第一步”。我鼓励所有的国家当局倾听他们社区的需求,以判断惩罚和监禁的替代方案,如治疗、康复和社会再整合,可能更合适,这取决于案件的性质。让我们一起努力打破毒品滥用和痛苦的恶性循环,而不是监禁和清除那些遭受毒品依赖的人们,或者受到来自社会的毒品滥用的影响。
  
  国际麻醉品管制委员会是独立的准司法机构,监督并推动实施三种国际药品管制公约。
  
  * * *
  
  如有进一步的信息,请联系:
  
  INCB秘书处
  
  电话询问媒体:(+43-1)260604163
  
  电子邮件:秘书处[在]incb.org
  
  网站:www.incb.org
  
  For information only - not an official document
  
  UNIS/NAR/1328
  
  23 June 2017
  
  President of the International Narcotics Control Board Viroj Sumyai:
  
  Statement on the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking
  
  VIENNA, 26 June (UN Information Service) - On the occasion of the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) would like to recognize and encourage the efforts being made around the world to prevent and alleviate the suffering caused by drug abuse and drug trafficking.
  
  Drug abuse unleashes untold suffering upon the people affected and their families, friends and communities; drug trafficking and illicit drug crop cultivation and production also have a grave impact on society as a whole.
  
  At the United Nations General Assembly special session on the world drug problem in 2016, Member States reaffirmed the pivotal role of the three international drug control conventions as the cornerstone of international cooperation in ensuring the availability of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances for medical and scientific purposes, in preventing illicit cultivation and production and in addressing drug trafficking and abuse.
  
  The health and welfare of humankind is at the heart of the drug control conventions, which require governments to take all possible measures to prevent drug abuse and provide for treatment, rehabilitation and social reintegration.
  
  INCB has repeatedly emphasized that the conventions are founded upon respect for human rights and the principle of proportionality in responding to drug-related offences, which is in fact a key aspect of sound and effective drug policy.
  
  In some countries, many "low-level drug offenders" are imprisoned, such as those in possession of drugs for personal use: this approach is not mandated by the international drug control treaties. A State's response to illegal behaviour should be proportionate and any punishment should be in proportion to the seriousness of the crime. The Board continues to encourage States that retain capital punishment to consider abolishing the death penalty for drug-related offences.
  
  The extrajudicial targeting of people suspected of drug-related criminality is not only contrary to the treaties, but is also a serious breach of human rights and an affront to the most basic standards of human dignity. The Board strongly, categorically and unequivocally condemns extrajudicial targeting of people suspected of illicit drug-related activity.
  
  Upon my election last month as INCB President, I set out a number of priorities for my term, one of which was to encourage the application by States of the principle of proportionality in responding to drug-related crime, particularly through using alternatives to imprisonment, such as treatment and rehabilitation. Unfortunately, the flexibility provided for by the Conventions to apply such alternative measures remains underutilized.
  
  Too often women involved in minor drug-related offences are imprisoned, often serving long sentences in countries in which they have no family, social or institutional ties. In the thematic chapter on "Women and drugs" of the INCB Annual Report for 2016, we noted that the proportion of women involved in drug-related offences is increasing and we drew attention to the impact that imprisonment can have upon women and their families, particularly children. We urge states to consider alternatives to imprisonment in cases of a minor nature.
  
  On the occasion of the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, I urge all States, particularly those that have seen high rates of arrest and imprisonment for minor drug-related offences, to adopt more proportional, alternative measures, such as treatment, rehabilitation and social reintegration.
  
  The theme of the 2017 International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking is "Listen First: Listening to children and youth is the first step to help them grow healthy and safe". I encourage all national authorities to listen to the needs of their communities, to gauge whether alternatives to punishment and imprisonment, such as treatment, rehabilitation and social reintegration, might be more appropriate, depending on the nature of the case. Rather than imprisoning and removing people suffering from drug dependency or affected by drug abuse from society, let's work together to break the cycle of drug abuse and suffering.
  
  The International Narcotics Control Board is the independent quasi-judicial body monitoring and promoting the implementation of the three international drug control conventions.
  
  ***
  
  For further information, please contact:
  
  INCB Secretariat
  
  Telephone for media inquiries: (+43-1) 26060 4163
  
  Email: secretariat[at]incb.org
  
  Website: www.incb.org
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